At Lynsted and Norton Primary School, we aim to develop confident, fluent and passionate readers and writers from an early stage. We use Synthetic Phonics as the initial method for teaching children to learn to read words. This is a process that first teaches the letter sounds, building up to blending these sounds together to achieve full pronunciation of whole words.
Our phonics teaching also includes the modelling of how to segment sounds in a word. This allows children to hear the sounds that they need to write when spelling a word. Phonics is taught in a systematic way across the school using the Letters and Sounds programme. Children access daily explicit phonics sessions from Year R to Year 2, with further support being provided in KS2 if necessary. Phonics is taught in a multisensory way, providing children with fun, interactive opportunities to learn through using physical resources, visual cues, singing, dancing, games, ICT, articulating sounds and making choices.
We use the Letters and Sounds Programme , with the support of Jolly Phonics in EYFS to teach children the letters of the alphabet and their matching sounds for both reading and spelling. Daily lessons are planned using a range of teaching resources including games and interactive online activities. We also use some actions from the Jolly Phonics resource to help children remember the letter sounds.
The children are taught the 44 phonemes in our alphabetic code progressively from the start of the Reception Year and most children will have completed the programme by the end of Year 2. Children are taught how to read words by blending, which means combining the sounds together to make a word. They learn how to spell words by segmenting, which involves sounding out a word and matching the sounds to their letters.
By the end of the Reception Year children are expected to be secure in their knowledge of Phase 3 sounds.
By the end of Year 1 children are expected to know all the Phase 4 and 5 sounds and be applying their phonic knowledge in their writing.
By the end of Year 2 they should be confident to read and spell words from Phase 5 and Phase 6 and will be moving on to more complex knowledge of spelling rules and patterns.
As children move through Key Stage 2 they will continue to learn a wider range of spelling rules and letter patterns to ensure they become fluent confident spellers.
Pure sounds for Phonics Teaching (You Tube):
Phonic Presentation for Parents: